Certified Organic: Certification given if not genetically modified (Non-GMO), grown without conventional pesticides and fertilizers.
Certified Sustainable: Certification given if farmers maintain their farm as an ecosystem, minimize pollution, build healthy soil, and practice humane treatment of animals.
CLA: Conjugated linoleic acid--found in dairy and meat products, CLA has anti-cancer properties. Grass-fed animals produce 300-500% more CLA than grain-fed.
GMO (or GEO): Genetically modified organism (or Genetically engineered organism).
Heirloom: A variety of plant or animal that was commonly grown or raised in earlier periods of human history, but is not used in modern industrial agriculture.
Monocropping: The high-yield agricultural practice of growing a single crop year after year on the same land. While economically efficient, monocropping damages the soil ecology and increases crop vulnerability.
rBST/rBGH: Recombinant bovine somatropin/recominant bovine growth hormone is given to dairy cattle to increase milk production. It has significant negative effects on both the health of the cow and the consumer.
Whole Grain: Contains all three parts of the grain kernel (bran, germ, endosperm) as opposed to refined grains which contain only one (endosperm). Whole grains have more protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
Food Service Web Portal managed by Taylor Durham '11